Gold, a relatively rare element, a precious metal used for centuries for jewelry, coinage and other arts. Its chemical symbol Au comes from it's Latin Aurum, meaning "Glowing Dawn."
All of the gold found on Earth came from the debris of fallen stars. As the Earth formed, heavy elements such as iron and gold sank toward the planet's core. About 4 billion years ago, Earth was bombarded by asteroid impacts. These impacts stirred the deeper layers of the planet and forced some gold into the mantle and crust of our planet.